oil shale extraction

oil shale extraction

Shale oil extraction - Wikipedia

Shale oil extraction is an industrial process for unconventional oil production. This process converts kerogen in oil shale into shale oil by pyrolysis, hydrogenation, or thermal dissolution. The resultant shale oil is used as fuel oil or upgraded to meet refinery feedstock specifications by adding hydrogen and removing sulfur and nitrogen impurities. Shale oil extraction is usually performed above ground (ex situ processing) by mining the oil shale and t

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oil shale National Geographic Society

Mar 04, 2013  Extracting and processing shale oil is an expensive and difficult process. Coal, petroleum, and natural gas are less expensive to extract. Australia, Brazil, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, and South Africa began mining oil shale in the 19th and 20th centuries, but they all stopped production by the 1960s. The U.S. ceased production in the early 1980s.

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Oil Shale Extraction HowStuffWorks

Apr 21, 2008  The process of extracting liquid crude oil from the ground is comparatively simple to extracting oil shale. Pressure from gases trapped in the chamber where oil is present force the crude oil to the surface. After this pressure is alleviated, the more difficult secondary and tertiary phases of oil

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Shale Oil: Definition, Production, Fracking, Pros, Cons

Dec 30, 2020  Shale oil extraction methods are more flexible than traditional oil well drilling. The initial drilling only accounts for 40% of the total cost. Extracting the oil costs roughly $1 million for each well. That made shale oil extraction profitable when oil reached $100 a barrel.

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Oil Shale Processing - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Mar 15, 2011  Shale oil processing is defined as an industrial process to which raw shale oil is subjected to extract oil from it—basically a process to produce unconventional oil [1]. Because shale oil exists as solid sedimentary rocks, its extraction is more complex than extraction of conventional oil [1] .

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Oil shale - Wikipedia

Most exploitation of oil shale involves mining followed by shipping elsewhere, after which the shale is burned directly to generate electricity or undertakes further processing. The most common methods of mining involve open-pit mining and strip mining. These procedures remove most of the overlying material to expose the deposits of oil shale and become practical when the deposits occur near the surface. Underground mining of oil shale, which removes less of the overlying material, employs the room-and-pi

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SHALE OIL: Exploration and Development

Shale Oil: Definition • Sedimentary rock with a high organic content – Organic matter is known as kerogen • Kerogen: – MW avg. =3000 – Approximate formula C200 H300 SN 5O11 1 1. Feng H.Y. Rates Of Pyrolysis Of Colorado shale oil. p. 732. American Institute Of Chemical Engineers Journal .

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Oil Shale - USGS

Oil shale, despite the name, does not actually contain oil, but is a precursor of oil that is converted to crude oil when heated. This website contains assessments and geologic reports , as well as spatial and tabular datasets, fischer assays and well logs from USGS oil shale research studies.

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Oil Shale and Other Unconventional Fuels Activities ...

Addition of shale oil to the country's proved oil reserves could occur in a manner similar to the addition of 175 billion barrels of oil from Alberta tar sands to Canada's proved oil reserves. As a result of the commercial success, oil from tar sand production now exceeds one million barrels per day.

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Oil shale, properties, chemical composition, extraction ...

Oil and gas from oil shale: Oil and gas from oil shale is produced by thermal effects on kerogen contained in oil shale. It is carried out in two main ways: by mining the open or conventional mining method with subsequent distillation or extraction in the reservoir when the heating is under the ground.

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Extraction of Oil Shale: Surface and In Situ Retorting

a detailed discussion of oil shale retorting technology.] Hou L. (1986). Shale Oil Industry In China, 257 pp. Beijing: The Hydrocarbon Processing Press. [This is a systematic presentation of the production and development of the oil shale industry in China.] Weiss H.-J. (1991). Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry A18, 101–126 ...

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Oil Shale and Other Unconventional Fuels Activities ...

Addition of shale oil to the country's proved oil reserves could occur in a manner similar to the addition of 175 billion barrels of oil from Alberta tar sands to Canada's proved oil reserves. As a result of the commercial success, oil from tar sand production now exceeds one million barrels per day.

More

Maps: Oil and Gas Exploration, Resources, and Production ...

U.S. shale oil and natural gas maps The following maps show the drilling history and oil and gas production of selected low-permeability, continuous-type shale reservoirs. Selected geologic characteristics pertinent to occurrence of producible oil and

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Oil shale, properties, chemical composition, extraction ...

Oil and gas from oil shale: Oil and gas from oil shale is produced by thermal effects on kerogen contained in oil shale. It is carried out in two main ways: by mining the open or conventional mining method with subsequent distillation or extraction in the reservoir when the heating is under the ground.

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Extraction of Huadian oil shale in subcritical FeCl2 ...

Jan 01, 2021  The extraction experiments were carried out in 0.5 L stainless steel autoclaves. For each experiment, the autoclave was loaded with approximately 80 g oil shale and 250 mL distilled water or FeCl 2 solution. After the autoclave was sealed, high pressure nitrogen was used thrice for purging the air in the headspace of the autoclave and was then released to keep the system at atmospheric pressure.

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Oil Shale - USGS

This website contains assessments and geologic reports, as well as spatial and tabular datasets, fischer assays and well logs from USGS oil shale research studies.. The Eocene Green River Formation of Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming contains the largest oil shale deposits in the world. Oil shale, despite the name, does not actually contain oil, but rather a type of organic matter called kerogen, a ...

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Pros and Cons of Oil Shale - Vision Launch Media

Having oil shale available as a resource is generally thought of as a good thing. If it is managed properly and extraction processes are designed to protect the environment as best as possible, then it may be a profitable venture. Each community should weigh pros and cons like these to determine if allowing oil shale extraction is something ...

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Industries at a Glance: Oil and Gas Extraction: NAICS 211

This subsector includes the production of crude petroleum, the mining and extraction of oil from oil shale and oil sands, and the production of natural gas, sulfur recovery from natural gas, and recovery of hydrocarbon liquids. North American Industry Classification System.

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Oil shale - Environmental issues Britannica

Oil shale - Oil shale - Environmental issues: The production of oil from shales has a potentially serious impact on the environment. Four specific areas of concern dominate discussion regarding development of the resource: greenhouse gas output, water consumption and pollution, surface disturbance, and socioeconomic effects. Because oil and gas are produced by heating oil shale and

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Unconventional oil - Wikipedia

As of 2008, industry uses oil shale for shale oil production in Brazil, China and Estonia. Several additional countries started assessing their reserves or had built experimental production plants. In the US, if oil shale could be used to meet a quarter of the current 20 million barrels per day (3,200,000 ...

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U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wet shale gas reserves increased to about 60.64 trillion cubic feet by year-end 2009, when they comprised about 21 percent of overall U.S. natural gas reserves, now at the highest level since 1971. 3 Oil production from shale plays, notably the Bakken Shale in North Dakota and Montana, has also grown rapidly in recent years.

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What Is Shale Oil and Why Is It Damaging to the Environment?

Dec 27, 2016  Shale Oil Extraction. Before we can talk about the environmental impact of shale oil, we have to become familiar with the process of oil shale. In many aspects, it is much more complicated than extracting liquid crude oil from the ground. With crude oil, the pressure present in the oil chambers simply forces the crude oil to the surface.

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How is Shale Gas Produced? - Energy

barrels of oil. Source: American Petroleum Institute, “Freeing Up Energy – Hydraulic Fracturing: Unlocking America’s Natural Gas,” July 19, 2010, page 4. Tight gas differs from shale gas in that it is trapped in sandstone or limestone, rather than shale formations.

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(PDF) An overview of the Jordanian oil shale: Its chemical ...

production steps from oil shale to oil could be speeded up by heating in the. absence of air, applying a pyrolysis process, with temperatures in the range of. 500 °C.

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Shale oil extraction - OilfieldWiki

Shale oil extraction is an industrial process for unconventional oil production. This process converts kerogen in oil shale into shale oil by pyrolysis, hydrogenation, or thermal dissolution.The resultant shale oil is used as fuel oil or upgraded to meet refinery feedstock specifications by adding hydrogen and removing sulfur and nitrogen impurities.. Shale oil extraction is usually performed ...

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Extraction of Oil Shale: Surface and In Situ Retorting

a detailed discussion of oil shale retorting technology.] Hou L. (1986). Shale Oil Industry In China, 257 pp. Beijing: The Hydrocarbon Processing Press. [This is a systematic presentation of the production and development of the oil shale industry in China.] Weiss H.-J. (1991). Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry A18, 101–126 ...

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SHALE OIL: Exploration and Development

Shale Oil: Definition • Sedimentary rock with a high organic content – Organic matter is known as kerogen • Kerogen: – MW avg. =3000 – Approximate formula C200 H300 SN 5O11 1 1. Feng H.Y. Rates Of Pyrolysis Of Colorado shale oil. p. 732. American Institute Of Chemical Engineers Journal .

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Oil Shale and Other Unconventional Fuels Activities ...

Addition of shale oil to the country's proved oil reserves could occur in a manner similar to the addition of 175 billion barrels of oil from Alberta tar sands to Canada's proved oil reserves. As a result of the commercial success, oil from tar sand production now exceeds one million barrels per day.

More

Oil shale, properties, chemical composition, extraction ...

Oil and gas from oil shale: Oil and gas from oil shale is produced by thermal effects on kerogen contained in oil shale. It is carried out in two main ways: by mining the open or conventional mining method with subsequent distillation or extraction in the reservoir when the heating is under the ground.

More

Pros and Cons of Oil Shale - Vision Launch Media

Having oil shale available as a resource is generally thought of as a good thing. If it is managed properly and extraction processes are designed to protect the environment as best as possible, then it may be a profitable venture. Each community should weigh pros and cons like these to determine if allowing oil shale extraction is something ...

More

What Is Shale Oil and Why Is It Damaging to the Environment?

Dec 27, 2016  Shale Oil Extraction. Before we can talk about the environmental impact of shale oil, we have to become familiar with the process of oil shale. In many aspects, it is much more complicated than extracting liquid crude oil from the ground. With crude oil, the pressure present in the oil chambers simply forces the crude oil to the surface.

More

How is Shale Gas Produced? - Energy

barrels of oil. Source: American Petroleum Institute, “Freeing Up Energy – Hydraulic Fracturing: Unlocking America’s Natural Gas,” July 19, 2010, page 4. Tight gas differs from shale gas in that it is trapped in sandstone or limestone, rather than shale formations.

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Oil shale - Environmental issues Britannica

Oil shale - Oil shale - Environmental issues: The production of oil from shales has a potentially serious impact on the environment. Four specific areas of concern dominate discussion regarding development of the resource: greenhouse gas output, water consumption and pollution, surface disturbance, and socioeconomic effects. Because oil and gas are produced by heating oil shale and

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Why US Shale Production Declines Are Higher Than You Might ...

US Crude Oil Production in 2021 to Decline Less Than Previously Forecast: EIA. The EIA estimated that U.S. crude oil production in February was down 500,000 bbl/d from estimated January production, mostly due to the cold temperatures that affected much of the country, particularly Texas.

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Crude Oil Extraction and Drilling Methods CAPP

Advanced extraction techniques, such as oil sands mining and in situ development, are used to recover heavier oil that does not flow on its own. Oil found in geological formations that make it more difficult to extract, such as light tight oil (LTO), is also called unconventional oil because non-traditional techniques are needed to extract the ...

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Oil shale extraction process - Exxon Research ...

The effluent from extraction zone 20, which will consist of kerogen-depleted oil shale particles slurried in a liquid mixture of solvent and extracted organic material, is passed through line 24 to vibrating screen or similar separation device 26 where the kerogen-depleted oil shale

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Oil Shale Video - YouTube

Video

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Shale oil petroleum Britannica

Shale oil, in fossil fuel production, either a synthetic crude oil that is extracted from oil shale by means of pyrolysis or a naturally occurring crude oil that is extracted from underground shale deposits by means of fracking (hydraulic fracturing).. In the extraction of oil from oil shales, intense heat is used to break down a waxy organic matter called kerogen that is contained in the ...

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